Thai Buddha Images : Gestures and Postures of the Buddha. Buddha images of different historic periods in Thailand.

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Characteristics and Postures of the Buddha
Sitting Buddhas
Reclining Buddhas
Seven Days of the Buddha

Hand Gestures :
The Six Main Mudras
Dhyana Mudra
Bhumisparsha Mudra
Abhaya Mudra
Vitarka Mudra
Varada Mudra

Historical Periods :
Chiang Saen - Lanna
U Thong

Historical Notes :



Temples in Thailand :
Wat Pho
Wat Benchamabophit  

Buddha Images at :
Pathom Chedi
Wat Benchamabophit   
Introduction to Buddhism in Thailand

The 10 Jatakas (lives of the Buddha) as depicted in Thai mural Temple paintings


Phra Pathom Chedi : Buddha Images (13)


Buddha considering Old Age

Considering old Age
Both hands are placed on the knees, palms down.
At Veluvana, the Buddha explains the law of old age to Ananda. He thereby emphasizes the truth that sickness, old age and death are inevitable for all living creatures.


Buddha expounding the Omens (Having Foresights)
Expounding on Omens (Having Foresight)
The right hand is palm down on the right knee. The left hand is raised at chest level with palm outwards.
The Buddha hinted to Ananda that he could prolong his life if he was asked to do so. Even though he gave two more clues, Ananda did not take the hint, because he was haunted and influenced by Mara. Thereafter the Buddha sent Ananda away and predicted his imminent death and entry of Nirvana.


Buddha Stopping Mara
Stopping Mara
The right hand is raised so as to ward off Mara's daughters
Explanation is twofold. The gesture signifies the Bodhisatta warding off Mara's three seductive daughters. Furthermore, it wards off Mara's attempts to convince the Buddha to enter Nirvana at once. But the Buddha resolves to spread his teachings to monks and laymen first.


Buddha resolving to enter Nirvana
Resolving to enter Nirvana
The right hand is open towards the chest.
The Buddha is reflecting upon his old age and imminent death. Three months before his death he resolves to enter Nirvana on the night of full moon.


Buddha bidding Farewell to Vesali
Bidding Farewell to Vesali
The Buddha is standing with right arm over the abdomen.
Recovered slightly after falling ill due to eating tainted pork, the Buddha leaves Vesali for the last time. Resolved not to return, the Buddha looks at the city for the last time.
[other variant shows the Buddha looking over his left shoulder to the city]


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Content by Guido Vanhaleweyk, Bangkok.