Thai Buddha Images : Gestures and Postures of the Buddha. Buddha images of different historic periods in Thailand.

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Characteristics and Postures of the Buddha
Sitting Buddhas
Reclining Buddhas
Seven Days of the Buddha

Hand Gestures :
The Six Main Mudras
Dhyana Mudra
Bhumisparsha Mudra
Abhaya Mudra
Vitarka Mudra
Varada Mudra

Historical Periods :
Dvaravati
Khmer-Lopburi
Chiang Saen - Lanna
Sukhothai
U Thong
Ayutthaya

Historical Notes :
Dvaravati
Sukhothai
Ayutthaya

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Temples in Thailand :
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Wat Pho
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Buddha Images at :
Pathom Chedi
Wat Benchamabophit   
 
Introduction to Buddhism in Thailand

The 10 Jatakas (lives of the Buddha) as depicted in Thai mural Temple paintings

Buddha Images in the style of the Ayutthaya period

Main Buddha Image at Wat Na Phramen, Ayutthaya. Subduing Mara. Royal Attire.
Main Buddha Image at Wat Na Phramen, Ayutthaya. Hands display the gesture of Subduing Mara. The Buddha is in Royal Attire, with a prominent Head Dress or Crown. Typical of the late Ayutthaya period.


Buddha images of the Ayutthaya period show more different gestures than the other previoius styles. The images display the influence of Lopburi, U Thong and Sukhothai styles.
Initially the face may be more square, and a band (U Thong influence) may be present between the hairline and the forehead. Later on (Sukhothai influence) the face became more oval, with a Sukhothai type of flame on top of the ushnisha (prominent bump on the top of Buddha's head). Typical of some images are small lines carved above the upper lip and above the eyes.
Later on also, the facial expression became more stern, sometimes without any smile at all. In the later period, it became also common to show the Buddha wearing a lot of ornaments. One type shows the Buddha with an Emperor's attire (the Thai language term refers to 'big ornamentation') or with a somewhat more modest attire ('small ornamentation') featuring a crown or diadem. See examples especially at bottom of this page.

Buddha images of this period display many gestures and postures. Standing images (as featured below) often display the gesture of Dispelling Fear (Abhaya Mudra). Sitting images often display the gesture of Subduing Mara. Some giant Reclining Buddhas were constructed during this period.

Buddha Images Ayutthaya, Calming the Oceans
Standing Buddha, with the gesture of Calming the Oceans.
In the style of the Ayutthaya period.
Found at Wat Yai, Phetchaburi province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Ayutthaya Buddha Images

Standing Buddha, with the gesture of Calming the Oceans.
In the style of the Ayutthaya period.
Found in Phetchaburi province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Prachinburi, Calming the Ocean, Buddha Images

Standing Buddha image with the Gesture of Calming the Ocean.
Ayutthaya Style. The Buddha is in Royal Attire. (16-17th Century A.D.)
National Museum Prachinburi

 

Ayutthaya Buddha Image
Standing Buddha image with the gesture of Calming the Ocean.
In the style of the Ayutthaya period.
Found in Phetchaburi province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Ayutthaya Buddha Images
Standing Buddha image, with the gesture of Calming the Ocean.
In the style of the Ayutthaya period.
Found in Phetchaburi province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Ayutthaya, Forbidding the Relatives from Fighting, Buddha Images
Standing Buddha image, with the gesture of Forbidding the Relatives from Fighting.
In the style of the Ayutthaya period.
Found at Wat Yai, Phetchaburi province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Ubosoth, Wat Benchamabophit, Buddha Images
Sitting Buddha image, with the gesture of Invoking Victory.
In the style of the Ayutthaya period.
Cast from an ancient model.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Standing Buddha Image, Ayutthaya style, Calming the Ocean

Standing Buddha image, with the gesture of Calming the Ocean.
In the style of the Ayutthaya period.
Found in Phetchaburi province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

 

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Content by Guido Vanhaleweyk, Bangkok.