Thai Buddha Images : Gestures and Postures of the Buddha. Buddha images of different historic periods in Thailand.

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Characteristics and Postures of the Buddha
Sitting Buddhas
Reclining Buddhas
Seven Days of the Buddha

Hand Gestures :
The Six Main Mudras
Dhyana Mudra
Bhumisparsha Mudra
Abhaya Mudra
Vitarka Mudra
Varada Mudra

Historical Periods :
Dvaravati
Khmer-Lopburi
Chiang Saen - Lanna
Sukhothai
U Thong
Ayutthaya

Historical Notes :
Dvaravati
Sukhothai
Ayutthaya

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Temples in Thailand :
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Wat Pho
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Buddha Images at :
Pathom Chedi
Wat Benchamabophit   
 
Introduction to Buddhism in Thailand

The 10 Jatakas (lives of the Buddha) as depicted in Thai mural Temple paintings

 

Buddha Images in the Chiang Saen style


The Chiang Saen or Lanna style (between 11th and 18th centuries A.D.) was influenced by the styles of the Khmer, Sukhothai, India, Burma and Sri Lanka.
Buddha images typically feature a lotus bud or orb shaped finial and large hair curls. The torso is plump, with a slim waist line. The face is round and smiling, with high curving highbrows, a hooked nose and mostly narrow lips.
In later period, under influence of Sukhothai, the head had finer hair curls, an extended lotus shaped or flame shaped finial, and a thin hair band. As with Sukhothai Buddha images, the face became more oval.
The mantle often extended down to the navel.
Sitting Buddhas mostly display the gesture of Subduing Mara. Standing Buddhas often display the gesture of Dispelling Fear or Instruction.

Chiang Saen, Buddha Images, Subduing Mara
Phra Sakyasingh.
Displaying the gesture of Subduing Mara.
In the style of the Chiang Saen period, found at Chiang Saen, Chiang Rai province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Subduing Mara, Chiang Saen, Lanna, Buddha Images
Buddha with the gesture of Subduing Mara.
In the style of the Chiang Saen period.
Found at Wat Bang Phlu, Thonburi.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Subduing Mara, Chiang Saen, Buddha Images

Buddha sitting with the gesture of Subduing Mara.
In the style of the Chiang Saen period.
Found at Wat Siri Panya.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Subduing Mara, Chiang Saen, Lanna, Buddha Images
Sitting Buddha, with the gesture of Subduing Mara (Calling the Earth to Witness).
In the style of the Chiang Saen period.
Found at Wat Phra Kong, Lamphun province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Chiang Saen, Buddha Iconography, Lanna
Sitting Buddha image, with the gesture of Subduing Mara.
In the style of the Chiang Saen period.
Found at Wat Ko Koet, Ayutthaya province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Chiang Saen, Buddha Iconography, Lanna
Sitting Buddha image, with the gesture of Subduing Mara.
In the style of the Chiang Saen period.
Found at Wat Luang, Phayao province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Subduing Mara, Chiang Saen, Lanna, Buddha Images

Sitting Buddha image, with the gesture of Subduing Mara.
In the style of the Chiang Saen period.
Found in Chiang Mai province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Wat Benchamabophit, Subduing Mara, Chiang Saen, Buddha images
Sitting Buddha image, with the gesture of Subduing Mara.
In the style of the Chiang Saen period.
Found at Wat Phra Bat Tak Pha, Lamphun province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Chiang Saen, Buddha Images, Iconography

Sitting Buddha image, with the gesture of Subduing Mara.
In the style of the Chiang Saen period.
Found at Wat Phra Bat Tak Pha, Lamphun province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Chiang Saen, Buddha Images, Subduing Mara

Sitting Buddha image, with the gesture of Subduing Mara.
In the style of the Chiang Saen period.
Found at Wat Sawang Arom, Muang Thung Yang, Uttaradit province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Calling the Earth to Witness, Chiang Saen, Lanna, Buddha Images

Sitting Buddha image, with the gesture of Subduing Mara.
In the style of the Chiang Saen period.
Found at Wat Arun, Thonburi.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Meditation, Chiang Saen, Buddha images

Sitting Buddha image, with the gesture of Meditation.
In the style of the Chiang Saen period.
Found at Chiang Saen, Chiang Rai province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Royal Attributes, Chiang Sean, Buddha Images
Sitting Buddha image, with the gesture of Subduing Mara.
Wearing the attributes of Royalty.
In the style of the late Chiang Saen period.
Found at Wat Mahathat Haripunchai, Lamphun province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

 

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Content by Guido Vanhaleweyk, Bangkok.