Thai Buddha Images : Gestures and Postures of the Buddha. Buddha images of different historic periods in Thailand.

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Hand Gestures :
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Historical Periods :
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Buddha Images at :
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Wat Benchamabophit   
 
Introduction to Buddhism in Thailand

The 10 Jatakas (lives of the Buddha) as depicted in Thai mural Temple paintings

 

Buddha Images in the U Thong style


U Thong art flourished in Central Thailand between the 12-15th century A.D. in the period when Khmer influence was diminishing or disappearing and before and during the early stages of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. As such U Thong style was influenced by previous and contemporary styles in the region.
Depending on prevailing influences and the time frame, U Thong Buddha images are often subdivided into three groups.
Typical of U Thong Buddha images is a small band between the hairline and the forehead. The head features small curls. The face of the Buddha image is rather square with Mon and Khmer characteristics. During the early period the ushnisha (prominent bump on the top of Buddha's head) is topped by a lotus bud. In later period (Sukhothai influence), this is replaced by an elongated flame. The face became more oval later on, and the body more elongate under the influence of the Sukhothai style.
The eyes are cast (not inlaid as often the case with images of the Ayutthaya period).
The robe is draped in the open mode with a long flap over the left shoulder (see image below) ending above the navel.
U Thong style Buddha images mostly display the gesture of Subduing Mara in the sitting position, and the gesture of Dispelling Fear (Abhaya Mudra) in the standing position.

Sitting Buddha Image, Meditation, U-Thong Style
Bronze Buddha Subduing Mara
2nd period of U-Thong Style, 15th Century
From Wat Mahathat ,Sukhothai
Presently at Ramkhamhaeng National Museum, Sukhothai

 

Head of Buddha Image, U-Thong Style
Bronze Buddha Subduing Mara, detail.
2nd period of U-Thong Style, 15th Century. Notice the band between the hairline and the forehead.
From Wat Mahathat ,Sukhthai
Presently at Ramkhamhaeng National Museum, Sukhothai

 

Subduing Mara, U-Thong Style Sitting Buddha Image

Sitting Buddha image, with the gesture of Subduing Mara.
In the style of the U-Thong period.
Found at Wat Mahathat, Muang San, Chainat province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Sitting Buddha Image, Subduing Mara, U-Thong Style
Sitting Buddha with the Gesture of Subduing Mara. In the style of U Thong, later period, showing influence of Sukhothai art. (16th century A.D.)
National Museum Prachinburi

 

Sitting Buddha, Subduing Mara, U-Thong Style

Sitting Buddha image, with the gesture of Subduing Mara.
In the style of the U-Thong period.
Cast and enlarged from an ancient model.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Standing Buddha, U-Thong Style

Standing Buddha image, with the gesture of Forbidding the Relatives from Fighting.
In the style of the U-Thong period.
Cast from a model at Wat Rajathiwat, Bangkok
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Standing Buddha, U-Thong Style

Standing Buddha image, with the gesture of Forbidding the Relatives from Fighting.
In the style of the U-Thong period.
Found at Wat Ratchathani, Sukhothai province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.

 

Sitting Buddha, Subduing Mara, U-Thong Style

Sitting Buddha image with the gesture of Subduing Mara. In the style of U Thong, middle period. Influenced by Khmer art. (13-14th century A.D.)
National Museum Prachinburi

 

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Content by Guido Vanhaleweyk, Bangkok.