Thai Buddha Images : Gestures and Postures of the Buddha. Buddha images of different historic periods in Thailand.

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Characteristics and Postures of the Buddha
Sitting Buddhas
Reclining Buddhas
Seven Days of the Buddha

Hand Gestures :
The Six Main Mudras
Dhyana Mudra
Bhumisparsha Mudra
Abhaya Mudra
Vitarka Mudra
Varada Mudra

Historical Periods :
Chiang Saen - Lanna
U Thong

Historical Notes :



Temples in Thailand :
Wat Pho
Wat Benchamabophit  

Buddha Images at :
Pathom Chedi
Wat Benchamabophit   
Introduction to Buddhism in Thailand

The 10 Jatakas (lives of the Buddha) as depicted in Thai mural Temple paintings


Buddha Images in the Meditation Posture, Buddha Iconography

Dhyana Mudra.

This mudra signifies meditation. Both hands are in the lap with palms upward. The right hand is on top of the left hand. The Buddha is most seated in the half-lotus posture (sometimes called 'yoga', 'Indian', 'Buddha' posture). Some images display the Buddha in the so-called adamantine (diamond, or full-lotus) posture with tightly crossed legs, so that the soles of both feet are visible.
The Bodhisattva makes a vow and is determined not the leave the spot (where he is sitting on the grass) until he achieves enlightenment. The Boddhisattva determines to find the cause of suffering and its cessation.

dvaravati art, meditation, dhyana mudra

Dvaravati art - Buddha, protected by Naga in meditation posture. 8 - 11 th century A.D.
Found at Si Mahosot, Prachinburi province.
Now in the National Museum, Bangkok.


Buddha Image meditating
Sitting in the yoga posture. Note the right leg on top of the left, the right hand on top of the left hand.
Buddha image presently at Phra Pathom Chedi.


Chiang Saen, Meditation, Sitting Buddha

Sitting Buddha image, with the gesture of Meditation.
In the style of the Chiang Saen period.
Found at Chiang Saen, Chiang Rai province.
Image present in the cloister of the Ubosoth at Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.


Buddha in Meditation, sheltered by Naga

Buddha in Meditation, sheltered by Naga.
Khmer art, Bayon Style (1177-1230 A.D.)
National Museum Prachinburi



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Content by Guido Vanhaleweyk, Bangkok.